Why You Might Need a Tooth Extraction
There are many reasons why a patient may need a tooth extraction. A tooth may be significantly damaged by decay or physical trauma beyond the point of repair. If a dental infection in one tooth is at risk of spreading to the healthy neighboring teeth or gum tissue, then an extraction may be used as a preventive measure. Extractions are often performed before fitting a patient with dentures as well to ensure the prosthetic has a secure hold.
Different Types of Tooth Extractions
There are two different types of tooth extractions: simple and surgical.
Simple extractions are performed when the tooth is clearly visible. In this instance, the extraction process is as simple as taking the tooth out using a pair of dental forceps (after numbing a patient). Surgical extractions require an additional step of making an incision inside the gum tissue because the tooth is trapped underneath the gums or a neighboring tooth.
Wisdom Tooth Extractions
For the majority of patients, their mouth cannot accommodate the presence of their wisdom teeth. Wisdom teeth can easily cause crowding and misalignment, leading to chronic pain towards the back of the jaw and an increased risk of infection. If our dental office believes that you or your child is at risk, we’ll perform an extraction to protect your/their oral health and reduce the risk for dental disease.
Multiple Tooth Extractions
Some patients experience the eruption of multiple teeth due to genetics and therefore need them extracted. Other patients may need multiple teeth removed in order to start orthodontic treatment. More commonly, multiple tooth extractions are performed when extensive decay is present or if serious trauma has occurred. Prior to your treatment, we’ll make sure that you understand all the steps of your procedure and help you choose how to replace your extracted teeth if necessary.
Extraction Site Preservation
The nearby jawbone begins to deteriorate as soon as a tooth is removed, which is why we recommend site preservation after an extraction. By fortifying the bone around a missing tooth, we can improve your chances of receiving a dental implant without delay. This keeps it strong and thick enough for a titanium implant to integrate with it effectively.
After an extraction, be sure to follow all of your dentist’s detailed instructions to prevent complications. Some of these aftercare tips include but are not limited to:
- Resting for the next couple of days
- Biting on a gauze pad gently to stop bleeding and promote clot formation
- Eating a diet of soft foods and chewing on the side of your mouth opposite the extraction site
- Taking painkillers as needed
- Using ice packs to reduce swelling
- Avoiding straws for at least 24 hours
- Maintaining regular oral care habits while avoiding the extraction site
- Calling us if you experience any extensive pain or swelling several days after surgery